Crazy Horse
(Tashunka Witkó)

the vocal text:

"Tashunka, Tashunka Witcó,
your voice, your name, your words
have come to haunt us.
Crazy Horse,
silent dancing in the Black Hills*,
silent dancing but,
a voice,
your voice,
your name,
your words
that come to haunt us,
to haunt us all”

about Crazy Horse

When he was 13 or 14 years old he witnessed the destruction of Sioux tepees and possessions by the soldiers during General Harney’s punitive expedition through Sioux territory, experiences that helped shape his militant attitude toward whites. He was a leader in the Sioux Wars of the 1860s-70s. As chief of the Ogala Sioux, he resisted the invasion of the Black Hills by white men and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)

Projected on stage (but not sung):

“One does not sell the earth
upon which the people walk”.

(Crazy Horse Sept. 23, 1875)

* Native Americans have inhabited the Black Hills in South Dakota since at least 7000 BC. They considered the Black Hills the sacred center of the world. In 1868, the U.S. government signed a treaty exempting the Black Hills from all white settlement forever. But after the discovery of gold in the 1870s,  the US expelled the Lakotas from the Black Hill. This sparked the Black Hills Wars, the last major Indian Wars on the Great Plains.

photo by Pedro Carneiro
This configuration was first suggested by Hiroya Honda and requires an extension pedal to reach and control the pedal of the vibraphone.

This photo shows the extension pedal built and used by Hiroya Honda.